For the waste plastics industry, "environmental protection" has always been a sharp sword, regulating the development of the industry, if operators do not operate according to environmental protection standards, it is difficult to escape the doom of shutdown and production, or even seizure.
Today, Xiaobian is going to have a talk with everyone about environmental impact assessment.
Many people know that environmental impact assessment (EIA) is essential for planning and construction projects (hereinafter referred to as EIA). However, recently, there has been a circulation on the Internet that "EIA qualification has been cancelled! Environmental acceptance and approval has been cancelled! Enterprises are blessed!" and so on. Many enterprises will ask if EIA is necessary? How to set up environmental protection facilities? Waste plastics enterprises What level of EIA does the industry belong to? What are the consequences of not conducting EIA? Under what circumstances is the EIA procedure invalid?
Today Xiaobian is going to comb everyone.
Cancellation of EIA qualification does not mean EIA cancellation.
Since October 1, 2018, the EIA qualification has been abolished rather than the EIA system abolished. As an important system of environmental protection management, EIA system will only be strengthened and not weakened with the deepening of reform.
One year ago, the State Council issued the Decision on Amending the Regulations on Environmental Protection Management of Construction Projects, amended the Regulations on Environmental Protection Management of Construction Projects and deleted the regulations on the qualification management of EIA units.
Recently, Li Ganjie, Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, made a speech at the national video conference on deepening the reform of "release and control clothing" and transforming government functions. He pointed out that the cancellation of "qualification of environmental assessment agencies" and "acceptance and acceptance of environmental protection completion" had been considered and approved by the Standing Committee of the State Council and would be implemented after the relevant laws were amended.
Why do companies do EIA?
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is the analysis, prediction and assessment of the possible environmental impacts after the implementation of planning and construction projects. It puts forward countermeasures and measures to prevent or mitigate adverse environmental impacts, and carries out follow-up monitoring methods and systems. Popularly speaking, it is to analyze the possible impact on the environment after the project is completed and put forward the countermeasures and measures for pollution prevention and control.
A project needs no EIA, and whether EIA is a report or a report form is stipulated in the Classified Management List of EIA for Construction Projects of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of China.
Article 19 of the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China stipulates that development and utilization plans for environmental impact assessment shall not be organized and implemented without carrying out environmental impact assessment in accordance with law, and construction projects shall not be started without carrying out environmental impact assessment in accordance with law.
What kind of environmental impact assessment should be made by waste plastics enterprises?
The EIA is classified. Enterprises shall organize and prepare environmental impact reports, environmental impact reports or environmental impact registration forms (hereinafter referred to as environmental impact assessment documents) in accordance with the provisions of the Classified Management List of Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects.
Where it may cause significant environmental impacts, an environmental impact statement shall be prepared to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the environmental impacts arising therefrom.
Where a slight environmental impact is likely to occur, an environmental impact statement shall be compiled to carry out an analysis or a special evaluation of the resulting environmental impact.
Those who have little environmental impact and need no environmental impact assessment shall fill in the environmental impact registration form.
According to Classified Management List of Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects, 30 Waste Resources Comprehensive Utilization Industries 86 Waste Resources (including Biomass) in Processing and Recycling, Waste Plastics Enterprises (except sorting and cleaning processes) should prepare environmental impact reports, and others (such as waste plastic sorting and cleaning processes) should prepare environmental impact reports. Report form.
The following enterprise is part of the compilation of the environmental impact statement.
How to build reasonable environmental protection facilities for waste plastics enterprises?
Waste plastics enterprises propose to construct reasonable environmental protection facilities in accordance with the provisions of "Standard Conditions for Comprehensive Utilization of Waste Plastics Industry".
Enterprise processing and storage sites should be built with fences. Enterprises in the park can be separate factories with hardened ground and no obvious damage.
Raw materials, products, enterprises can not use waste plastics and wastes can not be stored in factories with functions of rain, wind and seepage prevention or special storage sites covered with canopy, and there is no open-air stacking phenomenon. The construction of the pipe network in the plant area of the enterprise should meet the requirements of "rain pollution diversion".
Closed crushing equipment with functions of vibration reduction and noise reduction should be used in crushing process; automatic control of washing process and recycling of cleaning liquid should be realized in wet crushing, de-labeling and cleaning processes, so as to reduce water consumption and drug consumption; cleaning agents with low foaming, low residue and easy treatment should be used.
Pelletizing equipment should have forced exhaust system, and centralized treatment of waste gas can be achieved through gas collecting device. Waste filter of filter device should be treated according to relevant regulations of environmental protection, and open-air incineration is prohibited.
How to deal with the three wastes in waste plastics enterprises
Enterprises should have wastewater treatment facilities suitable for processing and utilization capacity, and the reclaimed water reuse rate must meet the relevant requirements of the EIA document. Wastewater discharged after treatment needs to be discharged after discharge. Enterprises should adopt efficient, energy-saving and environmental protection sludge treatment process, or hand over qualified waste treatment institutions to achieve harmless sludge treatment. It is forbidden to use the separation process of brine except for professional brine wastewater treatment facilities approved for construction and acceptance.
If domestic wastewater does not have a matching sewage pipe network, it is necessary to build a matching domestic wastewater treatment system. Only after meeting the relevant standards, can it be used for plant greening.
The workshop which produces waste gas and dust in the process of regeneration should set up waste gas and dust collection and treatment facilities, which can be discharged after reaching the standard through purification treatment.
Enterprises should take appropriate measures to deal with metal, rubber, fiber, dregs, grease, additives and other inclusions in waste plastics collected. If the enterprise does not have the treatment conditions, it should entrust other enterprises with the treatment capacity to deal with it, and may not discard, dump, incinerate and landfill without authorization.
For equipment with high noise pollution in processing, noise reduction and insulation measures must be taken. Enterprise noise should meet the Environmental Noise Emission Standard for Industrial Enterprises.
In order to ensure the normal operation of pollution control facilities and the failure of pollution control facilities, enterprises should immediately report to the environmental management departments within their jurisdiction, and take emergency measures to ensure that the discharge meets the standards. If there is no standby pollution control facilities, the production facilities involved should immediately stop production.
Waste plastics enterprises do not have EIA?
Enterprises can not get the EIA approval of several situations:
1. It does not conform to the national industrial policy; 2. The projects that should enter the park have not entered the park; 3. The health protection distance does not conform to the requirements; 4. The treatment facilities are not perfect and can not meet the discharge standards steadily. Wait.
In what case is the EIA procedure invalid?
1. The construction site has changed; 2. Production technology has changed or increased; 3. Production facilities have changed or increased; 4. Production capacity has expanded; 5. Reduce the EIA grade; 6. Override authority examination and approval.
Do not deal with the consequences of environmental protection procedures?
Article 31 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China stipulates that if a construction unit fails to submit an environmental impact report or a report form for a construction project in accordance with the law, or fails to re-submit an environmental impact report or a report form for re-examination in accordance with the provisions of Article 24 of this Law, it shall start construction at the county level without authorization. The above administrative departments of environmental protection shall order the suspension of construction, impose a fine of not less than 1% and not more than 5% of the total investment in construction projects according to the illegal circumstances and harmful consequences, and may also order the restoration of the status quo; administrative sanctions shall be imposed on the persons in charge directly responsible for the construction units and other persons directly responsible for the construction.
Enterprises can set up environmental protection archives, organize environmental assessment procedures, routine testing reports, transfer accounts and other related archives into a book, so as to facilitate routine environmental inspection and spot check for reference.
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